SSMJ May 2020
In December 2019, a cluster of cases of severe pneumonia were detected in the Wuhan province of China. This later turned out to be the presumed source of the COVID-19 pandemic which has spread rapidly around the world. It is worth defining the name COVID-19
What does each of the following have in common: Ebola, Marburg, Swine Flu, Spanish Flu and Avian flu? They are all diseases named after a location or an animal host.
In the past, this had been the norm: scientists rushed to name a new disease using the place where it first identified.
News, Reports and Policy
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Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was first reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) on 31 December 2019 from Wuhan province of China as a cluster of pneumonia cases. The WHO on 11 March 2020 declared this as a global pandemic. COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus which is a member of coronaviruses.
South Sudan has 35 confirmed cases by 30 April 2020 with the first case announced on 4 April, 2020 while the last case (of the 35) declared on 29 April 2020.
Based on data from relatively more affluent countries coronavirus can cause more severe symptoms in people with weakened immune systems, older people (over 60 years) and those with long term conditions like diabetes mellitus, cancer, chronic lung disease and high blood pressure. It is not known if it will be the same in South Sudan.
The nations of the world were confronted with a global health emergency after the World health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. Restrictions and regulations were imposed to reduce the spread of COVID-19. The recommendations from WHO and CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) formed the basis for limiting the spread of the virus but implementation has varied between countries.
Infection prevention and control (IPC) is a scientific approach and practical solution designed to prevent harm caused by infection to patients and health workers. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), IPC is vital for patient safety and quality universal health coverage since it is relevant to health workers and patients at every single health-care encounter.
Life in Northern Uganda’s Kiryandongo refugee settlement is difficult at the best of times. Nearly 60,000 refugees, who are predominantly South Sudanese, contend with overcrowding and limited access to healthcare services, especially mental health and psychosocial support.. It is into this environment that the COVID-19 pandemic will soon be introduced.
The end of 2019 ushered in a new decade and the spread of a novel coronavirus causing respiratory symptoms and disease confirmed as an outbreak by the World Health Organization (WHO) in January 2020. The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) declared on 11 February 2020 that “severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2” (SARS-CoV-2) was the name of this new virus due to its genetic similarity to the coronavirus responsible for the SARS outbreak of 2003.
Guidelines on preventing COVID-19 are constantly being updated. The information below was prepared in April 2020 and is based on guidelines given in the materials listed below[. Check them for updates.
Recent observation studies have shown that while the majority of COVID-19 patients have mild symptoms (81%) that don't require hospital admission, some developed severe symptoms that required hospitalization (19%). Out of those admitted, 14% were seriously ill and required oxygen therapy; 5% of the critically ill patients needed admission to an intensive care unit. Of those sick critically, most required mechanically assisted ventilation.
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This package on Infant and Young Child Feeding Recommendations when COVID-19 is Suspected or Confirmed from UNICEF and USAID includes 10 Counselling Cards and a Recommended Practices Booklet
In a bid to show the visual representation of the spread of COVID-19 around the world, many institutions have developed a dashboard that records the daily increase in the number of cases globally and by countries, which also include the number of fatalities.
Examples of online courses and training materials on COVID-19
Here is a list of some of the many free documents and websites that can add to the information in the papers published in this issue of SSMJ. Many are regularly updated.
There is a lot of false information around about the coronavirus disease (COVID-19).
Handwashing directions from IYCF
Testing for the virus is important, and when this is being carried out, explain to those tested why it is important.